DATABASE SEARCH TECHNIQUE : DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS : PSYCHOLOGY: DISORDERS: CHOCOLATE ADDICTION : MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: OBESITY : INFORMATION LITERACY: Google Site Search and Chocolate Addiction and Obesity: Give Your Searches Some Space OR NOT

 

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DATABASE SEARCH TECHNIQUE :

DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

PSYCHOLOGY: DISORDERS: CHOCOLATE ADDICTION :

MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: OBESITY :

INFORMATION LITERACY:

Google Site Search and Chocolate Addiction and Obesity:

Give Your Searches Some Space OR NOT

,

,

WEBBIB1516

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy

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Google Site Search and Chocolate Addiction and Obesity

Valentine’s Day is coming.  This is one of four candy heavy treat oriented holidays
in somewhat close proximity to each other on the calendar, Halloween, Christmas,
Valentine’s Day and Easter.  Somebody wanted ideas for a teaching session about
database searching for  those unfamiliar with search techniques.  The session will
take place on Valentine’s Day and will be provided for folks in the medical field.
Hence the desire to have something attention getting that has something to do
with Valentine’s Day themes.  I came up with the idea of looking at the literature
on chocolate addiction and obesity, certainly medical and one can just taste those
valentine’s chocolates.  I live near US 1 in Northeast Philadelphia and within a mile
or two of each other once were a Whitman’s Chocolates plant and Nabisco, so I
have had tempting smells wafted at me from childhood as we drove this twelve
lane highway.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hol6ntd

 

Twelve lane highways are an accident waiting to happen.

 

http://tinyurl.com/hvhlqmv

 

I learned a lot more from this group of database searches than I expected to
when I shared comments about the results and in particular the contrast in
results between a PUBMED search

and one of my “Google Domain Limited Web Searches” with the Evidence Based
Health discussion group on JISC via a link from my post on my discussion group
network with these results.

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..

DATABASE SEARCH TECHNIQUE :

DATABASE SEARCH RESULTS :

PSYCHOLOGY: DISORDERS: ADDICTION :

MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: OBESITY :

FOOD DRINK NUTRITION DIET FOOD CANDY AND SNACK FOODS:

Chocolate Addition and Obesity: Search Results

FROM Selected Databases

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WEBBIB1516

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy

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Chocolate Addition and Obesity: Search Results

FROM Selected Databases

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Google Scholar

http://tinyurl.com/gsnpz8f

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Google Books

http://tinyurl.com/j6nyelh

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Temple Summon Search

http://tinyurl.com/j9tx9le

SOURCE TYPE

Audio Recording (8)

Book / eBook (23,799)

Book Chapter (143)

Book Review (84)

Conference Proceeding (9)

Dissertation (207)

Government Document (14)

Journal Article (1,052)

Magazine Article (239)

Newsletter (30)

Newspaper (1)

Newspaper Article (2,839)

Pamphlet (2)

Paper (1)

Patent (5)

Publication (1)

Reference (125)

Report (1)

Trade Publication Article (35)

Transcript (38)

Video Recording (1)

Web Resource (12)

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PUBMED (13 Results Found)

http://tinyurl.com/gt2bf2q

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Google Domain Limited Web Search (PUBMED) 119,000 results

http://tinyurl.com/juxqkrb

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Observation:

There is a great deal of belief that Google and
Google Scholar are inferior to PubMed
for search result quality and I am certain there
are searches in which PubMed may have
more on target results or a greater number of
results.  In this search PubMed only found
13 sources, but Google, not Google Scholar,
with the SITE: PUBMED restriction or limit
claims to have found over 119,000 sources. 

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Google will never show more than 1,000 items
in a search result in their database and often
less than that.  Nevertheless, the first 20 items
in the  Google search result are on target
discussions, here are some of the titles.

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Evidence for sugar addiction: Behavioral and

neurochemical effects of intermittent, excessive sugar intake

Food Addiction in the Light of DSM-5

Mood, food, and obesity

Back by Popular Demand:

A Narrative Review on the History of Food Addiction Research

Sugar and Fat Bingeing Have Notable Differences

in Addictive-like Behavior

A new insight into food addiction in childhood obesity

Reward Mechanisms in Obesity:

New Insights and Future Directions

Addiction to Highly Pleasurable Food

as a Cause of the Childhood Obesity Epidemic:

A Qualitative Internet Study

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These are titles that seem worth pursuing on this topic.
Now there is a camp out there that is vocal about finding
fewer on target sources is better than the flood of content
Google floods the user with.  Well, on the other hand, having
a more substantial grouping of choices may provide the searcher
with an even better selected group of sources than the few in
this case that PUBMED happened to have.  Furthermore, PUBMED
does not indicate sources citing any of the 13 publications found.

.

In the first twenty hits on Google, notation was made in each of
the number of sources cited and this led in twenty sources to a
sum of 2,280 citing sources with three of the twenty sources in the
Google search result abstaining from being cited.  Hence a qualified
search in Google leads a researched to 2,300 sources in the first
twenty hits while PUBMED found only 13 sources total.  One could
continue looking at a great deal more content in the actual Google
search results as well. 

.

Here are the links to results in a couple from a couple of other
databases for this search

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Google Domain Limited Web Search (SCIENCEDIRECT) (13,000 results)

http://tinyurl.com/jk62v8f

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20 results for

 

(“chocolate addiction” OR addiction to chocolate”) AND obesity

 

by quality courtesy of the TRIP Database

 

http://tinyurl.com/zqvxuj9

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WEBBIB1516

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy

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This turned into quite a learning experience for me.  I first found out that a link
to my post had been tweeted about on Twitter by someone who works for a publisher
as an interesting post. I found out in an email from this person that my search results
may have been modified by putting a space between site: and PUBMED or whatever
term I have been using.  I checked Google documentation online and this is correct.
However, my version seems to work quite well. So learning of the space issue I tried
the chocolate search both ways and found similar

results in each with variation of order of occurrence for some of the titles appearing
in both sets of results and some titles in each not occurring in the other version.
I looked a two screens for both searches and then tried a broader topic, heart disease
and obesity with similar results.

.

However, I also looked at page ten for both searches and the results for the “correct” version

included an article from the Huffington Post while the wrong version had a page 10 of results

that were all citations to research articles.

 (“heart disease” OR “heart attacks” OR “coronary thrombosis” OR “heart conditions”
OR “clogging of the arteries”) AND obesity AND SITE: PUBMED

The Wrong Way with space in Google Web Search limited to PUBMED 786,000 results

http://tinyurl.com/jbmulak

The Right Way with no space in Google Web Search limited to PUBMED  1,620,000 results

http://tinyurl.com/jrf75sx

The Wrong Way with space in Google Web Search limited to SCIENCEDIRECT 144,000 results

http://tinyurl.com/jscv3ua

The Right Way with no space in Google Web Search limited to SCIENCEDIRECT 170,000

http://tinyurl.com/hexnhty

I then sent these observations and thoughts below to this person:

I saw your observation regarding the space between SITE: PUBMED and tried a search
without the space.

https://www.google.com/#q=(%22chocolate+addiction%22+OR+

addiction+to+chocolate%22)+AND+obesity++AND+SITE:PUBMED

OR

http://tinyurl.com/zmbpt4o

About 100,000 results (0.55 seconds)

Search Results

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Food Addiction in the Light of DSM-5

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/...

National Center for Biotechnology Information

by A Meule – ?2014 – ?Cited by 19 – ?Related articles

Sep 16, 2014 – … GSS, GTR, HomoloGene, MedGen, MeSH, NCBI Web Site, NLM Catalog …
For example, the Yale Food Addiction Scale has been developed for ….
Accordingly, the most often craved food is chocolate, followed by …
Although this may likely occur in the case of morbid obesity as a …..
[PubMed] [Cross Ref].

Evidence for sugar addiction: Behavioral and …

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/...

.

National Center for Biotechnology Information

by NM Avena – ?2008 – ?Cited by 777 – ?Related articles

May 18, 2007 – Food addiction seems plausible because brain pathways that …
as suggested by the literature on eating disorders and obesity. ….. Ingestion of
palatable foods has effects via endogenous opioids in a variety of sites
(Dum et al., … They also describe food craving, particularly for carbohydrates,
chocolate, …

.

.

.

Mood, food, and obesity

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/...

National Center for Biotechnology Information

by M Singh – ?2014 – ?Cited by 27 – ?Related articles

Sep 1, 2014 – Keywords: mood, depression, anxiety, food, obesity …
mechanism of food addiction leading to overeating and obesity
(Davis et al., 2011, 2014; …. The unique taste and feel from
chocolate in the mouth leads to chocolate craving …..
Due to multiple sites of GSH-R1a expression, it is not surprising that ghrelin …

,

.

.

Sugar and Fat Bingeing Have Notable Differences in …

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/...

National Center for Biotechnology Information

by NM Avena – ?2009 – ?Cited by 220 – ?Related articles

The concept of food addiction is described and reviewed from both clinical and …
Finally, in relation to eating disorders and obesity, we discuss how fat may be the ….
a variety of fat- and sugar-rich foods (e.g., cheese, cookies, chocolate chips). …
The neuropeptide galanin (GAL) and its binding sites are expressed in brain …

.

Focus: Addiction: Back by Popular Demand: A Narrative …

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/…/P…National Center for Biotechnology Information

by A Meule – ?2015

Sep 3, 2015 – … GTR, HomoloGene, MedGen, MeSH, NCBI Web Site, NLM Catalog, Nucleotide …
Scientific use of the term addiction in reference to chocolate even dates …
in an effort to explain increasing prevalence rates of obesity [6]. …..
[PubMed]; Shriner R, Gold M. Food addiction: an evolving nonlinear science.

.

.

.

Addiction to Highly Pleasurable Food as a Cause of the …

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/...

National Center for Biotechnology Information

by RA Pretlow – ?2011 – ?Cited by 32 – ?Related articles

Jun 21, 2011 – Addiction to Highly Pleasurable Food as a Cause of the Childhood Obesity …
for weight loss failures versus successes in youth using the site. …
Overweight youth typically are embarrassed to talk face-to-face about their weight. ….
that they had a problem with mainly one food; chocolate, fast food, chips, and …

.

Reward Mechanisms in Obesity: New Insights and Future …

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/...

National Center for Biotechnology Information

by PJ Kenny – ?2011 – ?Cited by 266 – ?Related articles

Feb 24, 2011 – Also, emerging evidence suggesting that obesity and drug addiction may share …..
It was shown that feeding-related sites in the NAc extend inhibitory projections ….
upon exposure to palatable food like chocolate cake and pizza (Beaver et al., 2006). …..
[PubMed]; Ahmed SH, Kenny PJ, Koob GF, Markou A.

.

The dark side of food addiction

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/...

National Center for Biotechnology Information

by SL Parylak – ?2011 – ?Cited by 81 – ?Related articles

May 8, 2011 – Although obesity and addiction-like eating behaviors likely overlap, food …
For example, obese binge eaters consumed significantly more chocolate after …..
The site(s) of action for these compounds in blocking yohimbine-induced reinstatement
remains unknown. …. 2011 [PMC free article] [PubMed]. 6.

.

.

Which Foods May Be Addictive? The Roles of Processing …

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/…/P…National Center for Biotechnology Information

by EM Schulte – ?2015 – ?Cited by 18 – ?Related articles

Feb 18, 2015 – The prevalence of obesity in the United States continues to increase, …
Food addiction is characterized by symptoms such as loss of ….. 1) high in both fat and
refined carbohydrates/sugar (e.g. chocolate, … Nutrition facts were gathered from
www.nutritiondata.com or food company websites and based on …

.

.

Reward, dopamine and the control of food intake – National …

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/...

National Center for Biotechnology Information

by ND Volkow – ?2011 – ?Cited by 345 – ?Related articles

Nov 24, 2010 – This fact has far reaching and costly implications, because obesity is strongly …
the widespread problem of obesity (Overweight and Obesity Website of the …
and in compulsive food intake (or compulsive drug intake in addiction). …..
(such as buying and eating the chocolate located next to the cashier even …

=======================================

.

I spend a great deal of time doing searches for clients and for the content I share on my
discussion groups and in research guides.  Any search tool can be superb in one search
and awful in another.  Therefore any search method that is often productive is worth
adding to the mix.

,

Now it looks like you may have given me twice as much work as I may need to try searches
with and without the space for my SITE: ventures. <G>

.

Also there are plenty of times when the Googles fail, along with Summon and other tools.
Yesterday I had a client wanting content on the history of China from 1920 to 1945.
Summon and Scholar search results were awful with the searches I tried, but Historical
Abstracts with its date range limit was very much on target with its search results.
Every day it is a challenge to determine what will work on the topics of the day in both
database selection and in search strategy.

.

I have a large number of examples of using SITE: _______
on the internet that will be found with this link in case you are interested.

.

https://www.google.com/#q=%22google+domain+limited+web+search%22&filter=0

.

.

.

In a subsequent post I continued this discussion:

.

The plot thickens.  I took the website you provided and did the search on this interface.
Most to the databases covered provide little or no hits for this search, PubMed has 13
and Books has thirteen.  But here is the radical development, PubMed Central has 476.
This means to me that PubMed Central will find search term matches in either the full
text of articles or in the abstracts depending on how it searches from a much smaller
body of sources. Much more content is being searched within a source than happens
in PubMed. Therefore, as is the case with a phrase like chocolate addiction that is not
likely to be in the subject heading lists of databases as a descriptor, PubMed Central
may do far better than PubMed in number of sources containing buzzword phrases like
chocolate addiction, even though PUBMED has far more source listings to work with.

.

I did side by side site: searches for heart malfunction terms and obesity with both
PubMed and ScienceDirect. The number of results was higher without the space but on
the first two screens many of the hits were the same but it appeared that each had
items the other did not.

This is the search I used.

(“heart disease” OR “heart attacks” OR “coronary thrombosis” OR “heart conditions” OR
“clogging of the arteries”) AND obesity AND SITE: SCIENCEDIRECT

With the no space search on page 10 of the search results, a Huffington Post article
was cited  amongst some journal source results.

With the space used the results appear to be all journal sources.

My conclusion is that both ways work and provide productive results in searches that
take to this kind of searching technique.  Guides to searching Google do show not using
the space, but I never questioned is because using the space “worked” with the space on
a sizable percentage of the searches I tried using this technique.  Now there are two ways
to do this and it will be interesting to see how this plays out.  Also a “site: ” search with
the space finds 50,000 sources and not using the space finds 100,000, this is completely
unimportant as Google NEVER shows more than 1,000 hits for searches in any of the
Google databases.  What matters here is what is shown by Google and will these sources
meet the information need of the user.

You may find the results of this search to be quite interesting as well:

(“heart disease” OR “heart attacks” OR “coronary thrombosis” OR “heart conditions” OR
“clogging of the arteries”) AND obesity AND SITE:EMBASE

http://tinyurl.com/go685uc

.

As noted above, I was also shown by this person the NIH all database search and tried
the chocolate search there.

http://tinyurl.com/j8nc6an

Most of the databases have no result for the chocolate addiction and obesity search,
but PUBMED and BOOKS both had 13 results.  PUBMED CENTRAL, a full text database
of far fewer sources than indexed by PUBMED finds 476 sources because it has far
more text to 
find the phrases used for chocolate addiction in conjunction with obesity
in the huge verbal content of this collection of sources. 

.

.

There are many professionals and many organizations that have no access to large
university libraries with major collections of expensive specialized databases and
full text journal holdings.

.

Quite a few hospitals, for example, operate with no library or very small collections
and very limited budgets with or without a librarian.  These free tools may be the
only way a small library or a professional can learn of sources needed or their
research or to understand how better to assist a client or a patient.

 

 .

 

 .

Sincerely,

David Dillard

Temple University

(215) 204 – 4584

jwne@temple.edu

http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

Net-Gold

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold

http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html

https://groups.io/org/groupsio/Net-Gold/archives

http://net-gold.3172864.n2.nabble.com/

General Internet & Print Resources

http://tinyurl.com/pwyg37u

COUNTRIES

http://tinyurl.com/p7s2z4u

EMPLOYMENT

http://tinyurl.com/oxa9w52

TOURISM

http://tinyurl.com/pnla2o9

DISABILITIES

http://tinyurl.com/pl7gorq

INDOOR GARDENING

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info

Educator-Gold

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/

K12ADMINLIFE

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/

The Russell Conwell Learning Center Research Guide:

THE COLLEGE LEARNING CENTER

http://tinyurl.com/obcj6rf

Information Literacy

http://tinyurl.com/78a4shn

Research Guides

https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/

Nina Dillard’s Photographs on Net-Gold

http://tinyurl.com/36qd2o

and also at

http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/

Twitter: davidpdillard

Temple University Site Map

https://sites.google.com/site/templeunivsitemap/home

Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),

Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,

Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.

Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay

David P. Dillard

http://tinyurl.com/p63whl

RailTram Discussion Group

From the Union Pacific to BritRail and Beyond

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/railtram/info  

INDOOR GARDENING

Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IndoorGardeningUrban/info

SPORT-MED

https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/

http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html

HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info

http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html

.

.

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU 

in search results for Net-Gold and related lists. 

The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has 

been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664

http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145

Temple University Listserv Alert :

Years 2009 and 2010 Eliminated from Archives

https://sites.google.com/site/templeuniversitylistservalert/

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.

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